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Pachysandra - Japanese Spurge
Pachysandra, commonly called Japanese Spurge, is a highly attractive and extremely popular shade-loving evergreen ground cover that spreads quickly by rhizomes to form patches or a solid groundcover. More details below!

Pachysandra - Japanese Spurge

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Pachysandra - Japanese Spurge
Pachysandra terminalis

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 4a-9a  Find Your Zone



Special Attributes

Pachysandra, commonly called Japanese Spurge, is a highly attractive and extremely popular shade-loving evergreen ground cover that spreads quickly by rhizomes to form patches or a solid groundcover. In spring, spikes covered in small, subtly sweet, white flowers rise above the dense carpet of rich, dark green foliage. Pachysandra is deer and rabbit resistant, can survive a drought, and we've seen no major problems with insect pests or disease.




Landscape & Garden Uses

Growing 8 to 12 inches tall and quickly spreading to 24 inches or more, Pachysandra is ideal for use as a large space groundcover. It works perfectly as a mulch substitute under the canopies of large shade trees, where not much else will grow. It also serves well to fill in around shrubs and trees in home foundation plantings, as a border along walkways and paths, or massed on shady slopes for erosion control. It will not sprawl or trail over walkways or other surfaces.

Suggested Spacing:  12-18" apart for groundcover 





Cultural Preferences

Pachysandra is very easy to grow and very low maintenance when planted in the right environment. It adapts to many soil types but prefers a moist but well-drained acidic soil rich in organic matter. Plants will tolerate periods of dry soil. Pachysandra thrives in partial to full shade. Mid-afternoon sun will burn foliage. Applications of fertilizer containing iron and/or sulfur will promote deep green foliage.




Helpful Articles

Click on a link below to find helpful advice from our experts for how to plant, prune, fertilize and water Pachysandra plants.






Plant Details

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 4a-9a  Find Your Zone
Plant Type:  Evergreen Groundcover
Height or Length at Maturity:  4-6"
Width at Maturity:  2' +
Spacing:  12-18" apart for groundcover
Growth Habit / Form:  Dense, Spreading, Low Growing
Growth Rate:  Slow to Moderate
Flower Color:  White
Flower Type:  Single
Flower Size:  .5"
Flowering Period:  Spring
Fragrant Flowers:  Yes
Foliage Color:  Green
Fragrant Foliage:  No
Berries:  No
Sun Needs:  Shade, Morning Sun, Filtered or Dappled Sun
Water Needs:  Average, low when established
Soil Type:  Clay, Loam, Sand (amended), Silt
Soil Drainage:  Well Drained
Soil pH:  4.5 - 5.5
Maintenance / Care:  Low
Attracts:  Visual Attention
Resistances:  Deer, Disease, Heat, Heavy Shade, Humidity, Insect



Plant Long & Prosper!

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