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Monkey Puzzle Tree - Araucaria auracana
The Monkey Puzzle Tree is a truly unique and magnificent tree in the landscape that is sure to catch the eye of every passerby! Very easy to grow. Get all the details below

Monkey Puzzle Tree - Araucaria auracana

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Monkey Puzzle Tree
Araucaria auracana 

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 7a-10b  Find Your Zone



Special Attributes

Having survived unchanged for over 200 million years, the Monkey Puzzle is a living relic and is possibly the oldest living tree species on Earth. The tree can live well beyond a thousand years. Native to Chile and Argentina, this unique and attractive evergreen conifer has upward swaying horizontal branches that twist like a monkey's tail and are covered densely with dark green, leathery, triangular leaves (up to 1.5 inches long). In its native habitat of Chile, the Monkey Puzzle Tree (aka Chilean Pine) typically grows to heights of 100 to 130 feet, however, here in the United States it matures at around 30 to 40 feet maintaining a pyramidal form with no pruning necessary. A truly magnificent tree in the landscape, Monkey Puzzle is sure to catch the eye of every passerby!




Landscape & Garden Uses

Growing 30 to 40 feet tall and 20 feet or so wide over time, the Monkey Puzzle Tree is ideal for use as a focal point specimen in sunny open areas or to frame the corners of tall homes or other buildings. It can also be planted in groupings or straight or staggered rows to form a semi-private border or line a driveway or street or delineate a property line. A fine addition to rock gardens, conifer gardens, wildlife gardens, and Xeriscape gardens (low water needs).




Cultural Preferences

The Monkey Puzzle Tree is very easy to grow in most any average soil that is well-drained and full to mostly sun. Standing water or constantly soggy or wet soil can be problematic. Maintenance is minimal with no pruning required. That said, lower branches can be removed for mower or other vehicle clearance, or so people can walk beneath the canopy. Exceptionally drought tolerant when established. We've seen no serious insect or disease problems.




Plant Details

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 7a-10b  Find Your Zone
Plant Type:  Coniferous Evergreen Tree
Height at Maturity:  30-40'
Width at Maturity:  15-20' at base
Spacing: 30'+ for space between plants 
Growth Habit / Form:  Upright pyramidal
Growth Rate:  Slow to Moderate. Grows faster with age
Foliage Color:  Deep Green
Fragrant Foliage:  No
Sun Needs:  Full Sun or Mostly Sun
Water Needs:  Average, low when established
Soil Type:  Clay, Loam, Sand, Silt 
Soil Drainage:  Well Drained
Soil pH:  5.5 - 7.5 (Acid to Moderately Alkaline)
Maintenance / Care:  Very Low
Attracts:  Visual Attention
Resistances:  Deer, Disease, Drought, Dry Soil, Insect



Plant Long & Prosper!

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