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Loquat Tree

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Loquat Tree
Eriobotrya japonica 

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 8a-10b  Find Your Zone

Special Attributes

Loquat is a wonderful, fast-growing, tropical looking tree with large, elongated, evergreen leaves and tasty, edible fruits. In our garden, we saw a few feet of growth per year for the first few years and have been very surprised at the cold hardiness. We have it listed for USDA Zone 8a but think it might be hardy as far north as 7b or 7a. That said, those of you in zone 7 will have to try this one at your own risk.  Depending on your USDA Zone, Loquat produces its fragrant white flowers in mid-late winter or sometime in spring, followed by large clusters of 2-inch pear-shaped yellow to orange fruit, containing 10 or more fruits per cluster, in spring and/or summer. Loquat fruit is excellent for fresh eating or freezing as well as jellies, jams, preserves, cobblers, and pies.

Landscape & Garden Uses

Growing to about 20' tall and 15' wide, the Loquat tree is ideal for use as a specimen in medium size landscapes and home foundation plantings, or in groupings or straight or staggered rows in larger landscapes. A fine addition to the tropical-look garden, edible landscape, or Xeriscape (low water needs).

Spacing:  15' for hedge or screen;  30 feet or more for space between trees

Cultural Preferences

Loquat trees grow reasonably well in most soil types except for heavy, compacted clay or very infertile soils. They grow and produce the best fruit in a moist but well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. In soil with low fertility it'll be worth your time to mix in some organic compost to the native soil. They like the soil to hold a good supply of water, especially when the fruits are developing in summer, but not so much water that the soil stays constantly soggy or wet, which can be problematic. Soil pH does not seem to matter as Loquat is known to perform well in both acid or alkaline conditions. If fruit production is a consideration in USDA Zone 8, Loquats should be planted on the south or southeast side of the home to obtain maximum late winter and early spring cold protection from the house itself. Otherwise, plant it wherever you want in full sun to part shade. Trees growing in more sun will be more dense. We suggest at least 5 hours of direct sunlight per day. 

Note:  Find helpful advice from our experts under the Planting & Care tab above on desktop monitors or below on mobile devices.

Plant Details 

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 8a-10b  Find Your Zone
Plant Type:  Evergreen Fruit Tree
Height at Maturity:  20-25'
Width at Maturity:  15'-20'
Spacing:  15' for hedge or screen;  30 feet or more for space between trees
Growth Habit / Form:  Broad, Rounded, Upright
Growth Rate:  Fast to Very Fast
Flower Color: White, and it's Fragrant!
Foliage Color:  Deep DarkGreen
Fruit Color:  Yellow or Orange
Fruit Size:  2-2.5"
Fruit Taste: Very sweet to tangy, excellent flavor!
Soluble Sugar:  High
Ripening Period:  Spring or Summer depending on location
Sun Needs:  Full Sun to Part Shade
Water Needs:  Average
Soil Type:  Clay, Loam, Silt, Sand
Soil Moisture / Drainage:  Well Drained Moist
Soil pH:  6.0 - 8.0
Maintenance / Care:  Low

Plant Long & Prosper!

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