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Japanese Black Pine - Pinus thunbergii - 3 Gallon Pot
In addition to it's unique form, one of the most interesting features of the Black Pine are the attractive white buds that form at the ends of the stems and contrast nicely with the deep green mature needles. These buds then grow to form taller cream color "candles" that eventually become the new branches. Get all the details below!

Japanese Black Pine - Pinus thunbergii - 3 Gallon Pot

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SIZE: 3 GALLON POT


Japanese Black Pine
Pinus thunbergii

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 5a-8b  Find Your Zone



Special Attributes

A highly attractive and unusual pine with an irregular form and horizontal branches, the Black Pine can be grown along the coast or inland. Near the coast, where it is exceptionally tolerant to sandy, salty soil and salt spray much better than our native pines, it is a smaller tree to maybe 20 feet tall. Inland it can reach 60 feet or more in height under ideal conditions. In addition to it's unique form, one of the most interesting features of the Black Pine are the attractive white buds that form at the ends of the stems and contrast nicely with the deep green mature needles. These buds then grow to form taller cream color "candles" that eventually become the new branches. These candles can be pruned by up to 50 percent of their length to control the size of the tree and produce a more dense form. Also, branches can be selectively removed from the tree to form very interesting and unique topiary forms. The dark grey, deeply grooved bark of the tree contrasts nicely with the deep green needles providing even more interest to an already very interesting tree.




Landscape & Garden Uses

Growing 20 to 60 feet tall (depending on location and pruning) and maybe half as wide, the Japanese Black Pine is ideal for use as a specimen, in groupings or mass plantings, or as a tall hedge or privacy screen in landscape borders. Can also be useful to frame the corners of tall homes and other structures. With pruning you can create endless interesting topiary forms for use as eye-catching focal point specimens in the landscape. Its high tolerance to sandy and salty soil and slat spray make the Japanese Black Pine a perfect choice for seaside plantings. Also a fine addition to Asian theme and conifer gardens and is suitable for growing in large pots. 

Suggested Spacing:  8 to 10 feet apart for privacy screens; 25 or more feet apart for space betweentrees




Cultural Preferences

Though drought tolerant when established, the Japanese Black Pine grows best in a moist but well-drained fertile soil in full sun but will tolerate some light afternoon shade. Has high tolerance to sand and salty soil and salt spray. As with so many other ornamental trees, constantly soggy soil can cause problems with the roots. Does not require pruning however can be trimmed annually in late winter to maintain a smaller plant or for very interesting topiary forms.




Helpful Articles

Click on the link below to find helpful planting and care advice from our experts.





Plant Details

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 5a-8b  Find Your Zone
Plant Type:  Coniferous Evergreen Tree
Height at Maturity:  20-60', can be kept shorter with annual pruning
Width at Maturity:  10-20'
Spacing:  8-10' apart for privacy screens; 25'+ for space between trees
Growth Habit / Form:  Upright, Pyramidal, Irregular
Growth Rate:  Slow to Medium
Flower Color:  NA
Flower Size:  NA
Flowering Period:  NA
Flower Type:  NA
Fragrant Flowers:  No
Foliage Color:  Dark Green
Fragrant Foliage:  Yes
Berries:  No
Berry Color:  NA
Sun Needs:  Full Sun or Mostly Sun
Water Needs:  Low when established
Soil Type:  Clay (Amended), Loam, Sandy (Amended), Silty
Soil Moisture / Drainage:  Moist But Well-Drained
Soil pH:  5.0 - 7.0 (Acid to Neutral)
Maintenance / Care:  Very Low
Attracts:  Visual Attention
Resistances:  Deer, Disease, Drought, Dry Soil, Insect, Salt



Plant Long & Prosper!

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