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Black Mission Fig Tree

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Black Mission Fig Tree
Ficus carica 'Mission'

USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 8a-10b  Find Your Zone
Chill Hours:  less than 100  Learn more here
Ripens:  Early season
Pollinator: None required



Special Attributes

Black Mission is one of the most well known figs. Its fruit is considered to be of the highest quality, very sweet and delicious. It produces two crops a year; one in the spring and one in the late summer or fall. It was introduced from Spain to North America in the 1760's.




Landscape & Garden Uses

Interested in edible landscaping? What could be more enjoyable and rewarding than installing a landscape you can eat? Fig trees are a fine specimens for use in the edible landscape. Their large and bold leaves provide a tropical effect in the landscape and you'll be rewarded with loads of delicious figs!




Cultural Preferences

Fig trees will grow reasonably well in most soil types. They produce the best fruit in moderately to slightly acidic, moist but well-drained fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. In soil with low fertility it'll be worth your time to mix in some organic compost to the native soil. They like the soil to hold a good supply of water, especially when the fruits are developing in summer, but not so much water that the soil stays constantly soggy or wet, which can be problematic. The best and most fruits will are produced when trees are growing in full sun. However, fig trees that receive a little shade during the hottest part of summer days will still produce good crops.

NOTE: If you try to grow this one in USDA Zone 7 it would be a good idea to provide some winter protection. A heavy layer of mulch will help protect the roots during winter. Planting on the east side of a home, or where the tree will be sheltered from north and western winds.




Helpful Articles

Click on a link below to find helpful advice from our experts on how to plant and care for fig trees.








Plant Details

USDA Cold Hardiness Zones: 8a-10b  Find Your Zone >
Ripening Period:  Summer, a second fall crop in warmer climates
Fruit Color:  Purple-Black
Fruit Size:  Medium to Large, bell-shaped
Fruit Taste: Very sweet, excellent flavor!
Uses:  Fresh Eating, Desserts, Jellies, Jams, Preserves, Dried
Height at Maturity:  20-30'
Width at Maturity:  15-20'
Growth Habit / Form:  Rounded, Upright
Growth Rate:  Fast to Very Fast
Foliage Color:  Deep Green
Sun Needs:  Full Sun to Part Shade
Water Needs:  Average
Soil Type:  Clay, Loam, Silt, Sand
Soil Moisture / Drainage:  Well Drained, moist
Soil pH:  6.0 - 6.5
Maintenance / Care:  Low



Plant Long & Prosper!

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